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JIAAP Abstracts 1992

General intelligence, visuospatial and verbal abilities in korean children
Lynn R; Song MJ, University of Ulster, Coleraine Northern Ireland
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 1-3

Korean and British 9 year old children matched for intelligence to their respective populations were given the Progressive Matrices and tests of Space Relations, Perceptual Speed and Verbal Fluency. The Korean Children scored significantly higher on the tests of general intelligence and visuospatial abilities but were relatively weaker on the verbal test. These results are consistent with those of other Oriental populations.

KEYWORDS: Intelligence; Child Psychology; Verbal Learning; Child Development; Aptitude; Personality Development; Verbal Behavior; Korea; Great Britain; Comparative Study; Child; Male; Female

References: 8

Information processing deficits in epilepsy
Prasadarao PSDV; Rao SL, Dr. T.M.A. Pai College of Education Udapi
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 5-11

The nature of information processing deficits was investigated in 35 male adult epileptics with generalized seizures. Subjects with short duration of epilepsy, with not more than six seizures, functioning adequately on the social and occupational spheres were studied. Such factors as age, age of onset, duration of epilepsy, type and number of seizures, duration, amount and type of anticonvulsant drug were controlled. The information processing tasks, namely, simple reaction time, choice reaction time, recognition threshold, span of apprehension and focussed attention, were assessed. Findings demonstrated adequate reaction time. However, deficits were seen on the recognition threshold, span of apprehension and focussed attention tasks. Information processing deficits were significantly associated with such clinical parameters as age, of onset, number of seizures and duration of anticonvulsant drug. Findings in this study demonstrate information processing deficits in epileptics with "low risk" for cognitive dysfunction.

KEYWORDS: Epilepsy/PX; Cognition; Memory; Seizures; Cognition Disorders; Age of onset; Human; Male; Adult

References: 26

A comparative study between the trends of behavioural problems of bengalee pre-school age children of Calcutta and Rajashi.

Faruk T; Deb S, Department of Psychology University of Rajsahi Bangladesh

1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 13-17

An attempt has been made in the present investigation to compare the trends of behavioural problems of pre-school age children of Calcutta and Rajsahi, bearing cross-cultural influence. Data have been collected by Richman’s Behaviour Screening Questionnaire from 160 informant mothers of Calcutta and 88 of Rajsahi and processed after 2x3 factor design for testing three research hypotheses by Chi-square test. Findings have revealed several common problem modes while their gravity varied significantly in few instances to indicate cross-cultural influence. the need for parent counselling clinic have been admitted in both countries. no attempt has been made in the present investigation to compare the trends of behavioural probelms of pre-school age children of Calcutta and Rajsahi, bearing cross-cultural influence. Data have been collected by Richman’s Behaviour Screening Questionnaire from 160 informant mothers of Calcutta and 88 of Rajsahi and processed after 2x3 factor design for testing three research hypotheses by Chi-square test. Findings have revealed several common problem modes while their gravity varied significantly in few instances to indicate cross-cultural influence. The need for parent counseling clinic have been admitted in both countries.

KEYWORDS: Child Behavior Disorders/PX; Child Behavior Disorders/DI; Mood Disorders; Cross-cultural Comparison; Cross-Sectional Studies; Human; India; Comparative Study; Child, Preschool; Male; Female

References: 5

Low job satisfaction and type a behaviour pattern
Mudgil Y; Muhar IS; Bhatia P, M.D. University, Rohtak
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 19-22

The study was conducted on a randomly drawn sample of 82 College and University teachers. Job Satisfaction Scale and Jenkins Activity Survey were administered on them. To test the significance of the obtained differences, Chi square was employed, Biserial coefficient of correlation was computed between the continuous variable (Job Satisfaction scores) and dichotomised variable (type A and Type B behariour patterns). The results indicated that low job satisfied teachers exhibited Type A behaviour, which could make a person highly susceptible to chronic heart diseases.

KEYWORDS: Heart Diseases/PX; Behavior Type A Personality; Job Satisfacion; Teaching; Human

References: 6

A study of therapeutic effect of GSR biofeed-back on mild hypertension
Khumar SS; Kaur P; Kaur J, Punjabi University, Patiala
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 23-28

The present study intended to investigated the effect of GSR biofeedback training on mild hypertension. Twenty eight subjects suffering from mild hypertension were subjected to 15 sessions of GSR biofeedback training. A control group design with pre-post assessment was adopted. Results indicate a statistically significant reduction both in S. B. P. and D. B. P. with biofeedback relaxation technique. The experimental and control groups differed significantly after fifteen days of treatment. The biofeedback treatment started showing positive effects consistently within a week.

KEYWORDS: Hypertension/TH; Biofeedback(Psychology); Blood Pressure; Galvanic Skin Response/PH; Stress, Psychological; Human; Adult; Middle Age

References: 15

Hierarchy of needs among handicapped and normal children : towards developing a strategy for happy living.
Kureshi A; Jain N, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 29-32

To determine the priority which the handicapped children fix on certain needs, relevant assortment of adjectives used as indices of needs (Achievement, Dominance, Endurance, Order, Nurturance, Affiliation, Exhibition, Aggression, Change, Succorance, Abasement, Deference), drawn from Gough and Heilbrum, were administered on handicapped (N is equal to 25) as well as normal (N is equal to 25) children with an age range of 8 to 14 years. Subjects rated themselves for each of the adjectives on a 5 point scale. To work out hierarchy of needs among the handicapped and normal children, on the basis of mean values the adjectives were reaxrranged. Marked differences appeared between the handicapped and normal children on Abasement, Endurance, Aggression and Exhibition. On Affiliation and Order the two groups’ rating coincided, whereas on Achievement, Change and Nurturance these were highly similiar.

KEYWORDS: Disabled Persons/PX; Activities of Daily Living; Attitude; Adaptation, Psychological; Social Adjustment; Human; Child; Adolescence

References: 10

Benton’s visual retention test : norms for different age groups.
Prakash IJ; Bhogle S, Bangalore University Bangalore
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 33-36

Beentons’s Visual Retention test is widely used for assessing cognitive impariment, especially with older age groups. Norms were developed on 660 Indian subjects in the age range of 15-65 years. Age wise norms indicate a decline in performance, beginning after the fifth decade. Compared to subjects below 45 years of age, performance of subjects of average intelligence in the successive age groups showed a drop of half a point. The test showed a high interrater agreement of 0.95.

KEYWORDS: Neuropsychological Test; Intelligence Test; Visual Perception; Intelligence/PM; Memory; Age Factors; Human; Male; Female; Adolescence; Adult; Middle Age

References: 6

Occupational stress and job satisfaction among working women.
Tharakan PNO, Department of Psychology, Calicut University, Calicut-673635, Kerala
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 37-40

It was hypothesised that professional women and non professional working women would differ in their job related stress and level of job satisfaction. A sample of 90 technocrats working women (Doctors, Engineers and Lawyers) were compared with 90 non-technocrats working women (Clerks, Officers, and Teachers) on these variables. Occupational Stress Indicator (OSI) Scale developed by Cooper was administered to measure occupational stress and job satisfaction. The relationship between occupational stress and job satisfaction has been found to be significantly associated with professional women and non-professional women. It is observed that professional working women experienc grater work related stress than nonprofessional working women, because the expectations of technocrats were much higher than the non-technocrats.

KEYWORDS: Stress, Psychological/PX; Women, Working/PX; Women/PX; job Satisfaction; Attitude; Human; Femal; Adult; Middle Age

References: 23

Drug addiction and maladjustment.
Mathew A; Mujtaba B; Singh Y, Hospital for Mental Diseases Delhi
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 41-44

The study was conducted on a sample of 91 cases of addiction and 76 cases of non-users to investigate the adjustibility aong two groups with reference to age, income and educational levels. The ANOVA of average adjustment scores of two groups revealed that maladjustments in almost all the spheres are more prevelent among addicts in each variable than non-addicts. The study of specific personality patterns is suggested.

KEYWORDS: Adjustment Disorders/EP; substance Related Disorders/PX; Substance Dependence; Educational Status; Socioeconomic Factors; Social Adjustment; Age Facotrs; Human

References: 21

A study of modernity amongst adopters and non-adopters of family planning.
Kundu AS; Bhayana M, Research Officer, ICMR, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 45-48

In order to understand the relationship between modernity and contraceptive behaviour, this study was conducted in three villages of Morna Primary Health Centre of Muzaffer Nagar district in Western Uttar Pradesh. The sample comprised of male partners of 240 eligible couples (wife age 15-45 years) of whom 180 were adopters of different family planning methods and 60 were non-adopters. The effect of certain socio-economic and demographic variables. These subjects were administered Overall Modernity Scale. The score on this modernity scale have significantly differentiated adopters from non-adopters, sterilised group from spacing method users group and early users from late users as the former group in all the three categories scored significantly higher than the latter grooup. Thus the study found adopters, spacing methods users and early users as more modern than non-adopters sterilised and late users respectively.

KEYWORDS: Contraception/PX; Family Planning; Socioeconomic Factors; Human; Male; Female; Rural Population; India

References: 13

Developmant of gender constancy in Indian children.
Bhogle S; Seethalakshmi R, Department of Psychology, Bangalore University, Bangalore
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 49-56

To study the sequential development of gender constancy in Indian children, with reference to self and other, 75 boys and 75 girls, 2 to 6 years of age, were administered the gender constancy questionnaire (Slaby and Frey, 1975) modified by Kuhn, to self. Paper doll cut outs were used to assess gender constancy with reference to other. Results proved that stage type response existed with reference to three aspects viz., gender identity, genderr stability and gender constancy with respect to self developed earlier than gender constancy with reference to others. However, Indian children, had not yet attained gender constancy by the age of 6 years.

KEYWORDS: Sex Differentiation; Gender Identity; Personality Development; Child Psychology; Sex Factors; Human; Male; Female; Child; Child, Preschool

References: 22

Psychopathosexuality in koro patients.
Chowdhury AN, Institute of Psychiatry, 7 D.L. Khan Road, Calcutta 100%025
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 57-60

An analysis of the sexual history and psychosexual behavioural profile of 162 male Koro patients was conducted, revealing that there exists a definite positive history of aberrant sexuality and psychosexual difficulties in koro patients in comparison to that of normal subjects. The present finding supports the earlier assumption regarding the role of abnormal sexuality in Koro, thus providing transcultural support for the potential role of psychosexual pathology in the genesis of koro.

KEYWORDS: Sex Behavior/PX; Koro/PX; Psychosexual Development; Human; Male

References: 15

A comparative study of Pakistani females living in joint versus nuclear family system.
Najam N; Kauser S, Department of Applied Psychology, University of the Punjab,
Lahore Pakistan
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 61-66

The purpose of the study was to identify differences in Adjustment Pattern and General Satisfaction of housewives living in Joint and Nuclear family system. "Bell Adjustment Inventory" (Pakistani version) alongwith a questionnaire was administered to 50 housewives belonging to joint families (N is equal to 25) and nuclear families (N is equal to 25) from different areas of Lahore city. The samples was matched on socio-economic level, age and education. The findings indicated that the housewives living in nuclear families are significantly well adjusted and satisfied as compared to the housewives in joint families.

KEYWORDS: Nuclear Family/PX; Family/PX; Women/PX; Activities of Daily Living; Social Adjustment; Socioeconomic Factors; Income; Pakistan; Human; Female; Comparative Study

References: 14

Comparative profiles of consumer reactions to TV commercials,products and perceived user-image for three cola brands.
Pall S; Vohra SS, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 67-71

Comparative profiles of consumer reactions to TV commercials, products and perceived user-image for three cola brands (Lehar pepsi Cola, Campa Cola and Thums up) were obtained using 30 male and 36 female masters students of delhi University. A combination of inferential and descriptive statistics revealed that the three cola brands are associated with a distinct perceived user image, that there is generally and overlap between this and the consumer’s ideal self image that consumer evaluations of the Cola advertisements and actual products differ and that there are some, but not very many big, differences in evaluation due to consumer sex.

KEYWORDS: Advertising; Television; Attitude; Decision Making; Human; Male; Female

References: 12

Socio-personal variables and examination anxiety.
Singh A; Broota A, University of Delhi, Delhi
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 73-78

The present study investigates the extent of examinations anxiety and the various socio-personal factors associated with it. A sample of 825 Xth and Xiith class students, both boys and girls belonging to different socioeconomic levels and having the same syllabi of studies were taken from six government schools randomly selected from three different zones of Delhi, ie., north, south and west Delhi. It is an expost facto design. Sharma, Sood, and Spielberger- Test Anxiety inventory and an Information Schedule was used in order to collectthe data for the present study. result show that tenth and twelth class students are equally test anxious;girls are more test anxious, more worrisome and more emotional as compared to boys;parental pressure elivate sthe test anxiety of school children;parent’s occupation and educational background also effects the test anxietyof their children. High test anxious students resort to more television viewing than the low test anxious students. The results have been discussed in the light of various socio-personal factors that lead to high examination anxiety.

KEYWORDS: Anxiety/PX; Anxiety/ET; Students/PX; Socioeconomic Factors; Educational Status; Human; Male; Female; Comparative Study

References: 18

Personality disorder among university students.
Aleem S,
Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
1992 Jan-Jul; 18(1-2): 79-81

A checklist based on DSM-III sub categories of personality disorder was administered on 75 male and female students to determine the extent of personality disorders. the malr subjects scored significantly higher on cluster B(CR=5.35,p.01) and cluster C(CR=2.15, p.05) type of personality disorders than the female subjects. male and female subjects did not differ on cluster A(CR=0.36,p.05)type of personality disorders.

KEYWORDS: Personality Disorders/EP; Students/PX; Education, Graduate; Universities; Human; Male; Female; Adult

References: 18